Sonographic visibility of cannulas using convex ultrasound transducers

Rumble, Stephen, Georg Schmitz, Stefanie Dencks

Biomedical Engineering / Biomedizinische Technik, 2019. DOI: 10.1515/bmt-2018-0174


The key for safe ultrasound (US)-guided punctures is a good visibility of the cannula. When using convex transducers for deep punctures, the incident angle between US beam and cannula varies along the cannula leading to a complex visibility pattern. Here, we present a method to systematically investigate the visibility throughout the US image. For this, different objective criteria were defined and applied to measurement series with varying puncture angles and depths of the cannula. It is shown that the visibility not only depends on the puncture angle but also on the location of the cannula in the US image when using convex transducers. In some image regions, an unexpected good visibility was observed even for steep puncture angles. The systematic evaluation of the cannula visibility is of fundamental interest to sensitise physicians to the handling of convex transducers and to evaluate new techniques for further improvement.

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tags: cannula, convex transducer, incidence angle, monitoring, puncture, Safety, visibility